Image processing involves treating a two-dimensional image as the input of a system and outputting a modified image or a set of defining parameters related to the image. Modern image processing tends to refer to the digital domain where the color of each pixel is specified by a string of binary digits. But many techniques are common to analog and even optical images.
Image processing involves many transformations and techniques, usually derived from the field of signal processing. There are standard geometric transformations such as enlargement, size reduction, linear translation and rotation. It is possible to modify the colors in images such as enhancing contrasts or even transforming the image into an entirely different color palette according to some specific mapping system. Compositions of images are frequently conducted to merge portions from multiple images. Another area of interest involves interpolation.
Basically, images retrieved in some contexts are sparse with missing pixels. Standard techniques involve simply estimating the missing pixels based on the color of the nearest known pixels. More sophisticated techniques may involve using algorithms to judge the missing pixels usually by factoring in the relative colors of all surrounding pixels. Techniques to align images are also quite straightforward. Segmentation tends to involve decomposing images into smaller sections based on some common quality such as color or light intensity.
It is possible to extend the dynamic range of photos by combining images that have variation in light exposure. Some of the most sophisticated techniques include morphology and flybys. Morphs involve images literally decomposing and then re-emerging with a different look, like a portrait in which the subject keeps changing. Flybys re-create three dimensional imagery by rotating two dimensional landscapes around. The Holy Grail of image processing tends to be object recognition where software is trained to be able to recognize and categorize the parts of an image based on colors and outlines. Authorities are particularly interested in facial recognition technology.
Image processing is most commonly done in Matlab which allows the input of strings of binary digits for manipulation with pre-defined commands. More powerful software is available for larger data files and more sophisticated applications. Many consumer-oriented products such as Photoshop have built-in functions that allow users to edit images through a graphical user interface. Popular features include cropping of photos to discard unwanted areas and red eye removal which allows the darkening of eyeballs that are distorted by exposure during photos.
There are many application areas of image processing. Perhaps the one most familiar to most of us is in security and surveillance applications. Regulatory authorities have streams of video feed from cameras in public areas. It is not practical to sort through all this data manually to identify suspicious behavior. Police and detective agencies use intelligent software that is able to zoom in on suspicious behavior usually triggered by sounds, the presence of packages for protracted periods of time or clustering of many people. Image processing allows the comparison of people on video surveillance images to suspected rogues. There have been several successful implementation cases where criminals have been identified within large crowds such as sports stadiums through the use of image processing techniques.
Another critical research area is the use of image processing for medicine. Images obtained from medicine include photographing suspected tumors, aberrations in blood flow and fractured areas. Techniques such as magnetic resonance imaging and computer tomography allow the generation of raw images. Traditionally such images had to be painstakingly scoured through by skilled practitioners who were likely to make mistakes or miss subtle variations in the image. Image processing techniques allow the automation of this study to identify sources of malignancy reliably and efficiently. They enable doctors to perform guided surgery by planning their incisions and insertions through the maze of the human body. They allow the setting up of complicated procedures such as blasting radiation at malignant tumors by providing complete information on the presence of both the target as well as innocuous materials surrounding it that need to be avoided.
A third area of significance is dealing with images obtained through remote imagery such as satellites. We are in possession of a wealth of redundant data on the surfaces of planets but need to use image processing to highlight areas of interest for further study. Successful techniques have allowed scientists to judge the presence of craters, soil and atmospheric characteristics.
Are you looking for some out of the box entertainment scene that put you on a high? How about attending a musical with a creative storyline that could make you cherish those moments for a long time? Based on the best-selling novelWicked The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West'''' by Gregory Maguire Wicked is an award-winning musical presented at West End and Broadway. Stephen Schwartz has written the songs and lyrics of this musical. The story revolves around a wicked witch Elphaba and her relationship with a good witch Galinda. The story contains several references to the 1939 filmThe Wizard of Oz''''. Do not miss the chance for the wicked cheap tickets.
Now that Phillies have won Word Series twice, they are trying their best to get back to their same glorious position with the upcoming baseball season. And for that, the team has done a lot of preparations. Fans are anticipating some action from the team and are getting ready to attend as many as they can. Buy philadelphia baseball tickets from our website to have a great chance of watching the games of one of the most talked about teams of MLB. And with a huge and dedicated fan base, tickets are sure to sell out with the speed of light. So act fast to grab yours and get ready to enjoy a great game!A heavy metal band from Denmark that exhibits a unique fusion of punk, rock n roll and heavy metal, is what Volbeat is all about. This band was formed in the year 2000 and their music show influences from Johnny Cash, Elvis Presley, The Misfits, Social Distortion and Metallica. At present they have signed a contract with the Mascot Records and under their guidance they have been able to release four albums and enjoyed immense popularity. All their albums have won gold certification in Denmark and have met the expectations of their fans. If you buy Volbeat tickets today, this mean you are in luck as it has become one of the most awaited events of the year.
A heavy metal band from Denmark that exhibits a unique fusion of punk, rock n roll and heavy metal, is what Volbeat is all about. This band was formed in the year 2000 and their music show influences from Johnny Cash, Elvis Presley, The Misfits, Social Distortion and Metallica. At present they have signed a contract with the Mascot Records and under their guidance they have been able to release four albums and enjoyed immense popularity. All their albums have won gold certification in Denmark and have met the expectations of their fans. If you discover and buy volbeat tickets, this mean you are in luck today as it has become one of the most awaited events of the year.
The professional ice hockey team based in Denver Colorado USA is known as the Colorado Avalanche. Being founded in 1972 the team belongs to the Northwest Division of the Western Conference of the National Hockey League and plays its home games in the Pepsi Center. The Avalanche is a two times winner of the Stanley Cup – first in 1996 and the second one in 2001 and has also won eight division titles till date. This season piloted by Ryan Smyth and Paul Stastny the Avalanche seems really eager to win the Northwest Division title. Grab your Cheap Colorado Avalanche Tickets and get to see some real action!
Columbus is the capital of the Ohio city U.S. In the early twentieth century the capital had been nick named as The Arch City the reason defined to such a name being the dozens of metal arches that are visible on the high streets. And with the change in time eventually became means to supply electric power to the newly built in streets. These arches were later replaced with cluster lights in the start of the 1990''''s but were reconstructed in the millennium to mark it as the historical happening. It is a place that involves not just history but having performing arts museum the John Edward Theatre Palace Columbus as being one of its greatest points of entertainment to look out for.
One of the college football biggest games the Sec Championship Game determining the Southeastern Conference"s football season champion can soon be attended and watched live at the Georgia Dome Atlanta where it has always been housed. The championship game pits the SEC Western Division representative versus the Eastern Division representative in a game that is held once the regular season has been finished. The conference originated in 1991 and added the University of Arkansas and the University of South Carolina and divided itself into two divisions. Tickets to this popular event are sold-out very quickly so it is suggested for the Sec Championship Game Fans to quickly grab their Cheap Sec Championship Game Tickets !
One of the largest atmospheric theaters of America is once again coming up with a list of outstanding shows. The Majestic Theater San Antonio was formed in the year 1929 and after a couple of renovations the venue has become totally up to date. It has got all the latest facilities which give the audience a wonderful experience for sure. For a very long time the Majestic Theater San Antonio remained the largest theater of Texas and many people used to attend variety of shows on daily basis. It''s all still the same! Get your Majestic Theater San Antonio ticketsimmediately!